Title Early to middle Proterozoic dykes in the Mt. Riiser-Larsen area of the Napier Complex, East Antarctica; tectonic implications as deduced from geochemical studies
Author Suzuki, S.; Ishizuka, H.; Kagami, H.
Author Affil Suzuki, S., Niigata University, Graduate School of Science and Technology, Niigata, Japan. Other: National Institute of Polar Research, Japan; Kyushu University, Japan; Chiba University, Japan; Kochi University, Japan
Source Geodynamic evolution of East Antarctica; a key to the east-west Gondwana connection, edited by M. Satish-Kumar, Y. Motoyoshi, Y. Osanai, Y. Hiroi and K. Shiraishi. Geological Society Special Publications, Vol.308, p.195-210, . Publisher: Geological Society of London, London, United Kingdom. ISSN: 0305-8719. ISBN: 978-1-86239-268-7
Publication Date 2008
Notes In English. 61 refs. Ant. Acc. No: 85821
Index Terms Antarctica--East Antarctica; Antarctica--Mount Riiser-Larsen; absolute age; alkali metals; alkaline earth metals; andesites; Antarctica; Archean; basalts; basement; chemical ratios; continental crust; crust; dates; dikes; East Antarctica; emplacement; Enderby Land; igneous rocks; International Polar Year 2007-08; intrusions; IPY 2007-08 Research Publications; isotope ratios; isotopes; major elements; metals; Mount Riiser-Larsen; Napier Complex; Nd- 144/Nd-143; neodymium; Precambrian; Proterozoic; rare earths; Rb/Sr; Sr-87/Sr-86; stable isotopes; strontium; tholeiitic basalt; trace elements; upper Precambrian; volcanic rocks; whole rock
Abstract NE-SW- and north-south-striking dykes were emplaced into ultrahigh-temperature (UHT) granulites apparently after UHT metamorphism in the Mt. Riiser-Larsen area of the Archaean Napier Complex, East Antarctica, of which the north-south-striking dykes interrupt the NE-SW-striking ones. The NE-SW- striking dykes are tholeiite basalt (THB) and high-magnesian andesite (HMA) in composition. The THB dykes display relict doleritic textures, whereas the HMA dykes shows blastoporphyritic textures characterized by phenocrysts of clinopyroxene and plagioclase. Both sets of dykes exhibit large ion lithophile element and light rare earth element enrichment and negative anomalies of Nb, Ti and/or P in a spider diagram normalized to primitive mantle, which is reminiscent of modern subduction-related arc volcanism or continental flood volcanism. The isotope ratios of the THB dykes define isochron ages of 2.0-1.9 Ga: 197980 Ma in the Rb-Sr system (initial ratio (I0): 0.702390.00035) and 2078104 Ma in the Sm-Nd system (I0: 0.509640.00012). Such moderate 87Sr/86Sr and low 143Nd/144Nd initial ratios may represent source materials closely related to the mantle wedge of a subduction zone. The north-south-striking dykes are compositionally divided into two basalt types. One is an alkaline basalt (AL) showing intergranular texture and characterized by high concentrations of incompatible elements, similar to those of ocean island basalt. They yield an isochron age of c. 1.2 Ga: 1161238 Ma in the Rb-Sr system (I0: 0.70470.0012). The other type (THB-m) is doleritic (ophitic) in texture, and has a tholeiitic affinity with a flat chondrite-normalized REE pattern, which is comparable with that of enriched mid- ocean ridge basalt. A comparison with dykes reported from other areas of the Napier Complex suggests that the north-south- striking dykes occur in restricted areas, whereas the NE-SW-striking dykes are more regional in occurrence. The 2.0-1.9 Ga magmatism of the NE-SW-striking dykes may have been related to the formation of continental crust of the Rayner Complex.
URL http://hdl.handle.net/10.1144/SP308.10
Publication Type journal article
Record ID 290786