Title Cooperation at the Poles? Placing the first International Polar Year in the context of nineteenth-century scientific exploration and collaboration
Author Rothenberg, M.
Author Affil Rothenberg, M., National Science Foundation, Arlington, VA
Source p.13-21, ; Smithsonian at the poles, Washington, DC, May 3-4, 2007, edited by I. Krupnik, M.A. Lang and S.E. Miller. Publisher: Smithsonian Institution Scholarly Press, Washington, DC, United States. ISBN: 978-0-9788460-1-50-9788460-1- X
Publication Date 2009
Notes In English. 41 refs. Ant. Acc. No: 86084. CRREL Acc. No: 63004396
Index Terms history; international cooperation; geomagnetism; meteorology; astronomy; International Polar Year 1882-83; International Polar Year 2007-08; IPY 1882-83 Education, Outreach and Communication Publications; IPY 2007-08 Education, Outreach and Communication Publications; magnetic field; Smithsonian Institution
Abstract The first International Polar Year (IPY) of 1882-1883 came at the end of a half- century of efforts at collaborative and/or cooperative research among the scientific communities of Europe and the United States. These efforts included the Magnetic Crusade, a cooperative endeavor to solve fundamental questions in terrestrial magnetism; a variety of plans for international cooperation in the gathering of meteorological data; the observations of the transits of Venus; and the establishment of the Smithsonian's international network to alert astronomers of new phenomena. It was also a half century when scientific exploration of the polar regions was still problematic in terms of the safety and survival of the investigator. This paper will look at scientific cooperation and earlier Polar research as the background for the first IPY, with special emphasis on the leadership role taken by the Smithsonian Institution.
URL http://hdl.handle.net/10088/6823
Publication Type monograph
Record ID 292177