Title U.S. Geological Survey scientific activities in the exploration of Antarctica; introduction to Antarctica (including USGS field personnel; 1946-59)
Author Meunier, T.K. (editor); Williams, R.S. (editor); Ferrigno, J.G. (editor)
Author Affil Meunier, T.K., U. S. Geological Survey
Source Open-File Report - U. S. Geological Survey, No.OF2006-1117, 14p. . Publisher: U. S. Geological Survey, Reston, VA, United States. ISSN: 0196-1497
Publication Date 2007
Notes In English. Accessed on Nov. 26, 2007. 46 refs. Ant. Acc. No: 83276. CRREL Acc. No: 62001531
Index Terms exploration; organizations; history; research projects; Antarctica; field studies; government agencies; International Polar Year 2007-08; IPY 2007-08 Research Publications; programs; research; survey organizations; U. S. Geological Survey; USGS
Abstract Antarctica is the planet's fifth largest continent [13.2 million km2 (5.1 million mi2)]; it contains the Earth's largest (of two) remaining ice sheets; it is considered to be one of the most important scientific laboratories on Earth. This report is the introduction to a series that covers 60 years of U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) scientific activity in Antarctica. It will concentrate primarily on three major topics: (1) a brief chronological record of the historical search, discovery, and exploration of the southern continent by humans; (2) early USGS scientific activities in Antarctica, listing expeditions, projects, people and resulting professional publications for Operation Highjump, 1946-47; Operation Windmill, 1947-48; USS Atka Reconnaissance Cruise, 1954-55; and Operation Deep Freeze I, II, III, and IV, 1955-59, including IGY; (3) significant changes that have occurred in Antarctic exploration and research since World War II will be discussed at the end of this report.
URL http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2006/1117/
Publication Type monograph
Record ID 281088