Title The policy process and International Geophysical Year, 1957-1958
Author Korsmo, F.L.
Author Affil Korsmo, F.L., National Science Foundatin, Arlington, VA
Source p.23-34, ; Smithsonian at the poles, Washington, DC, May 3-4, 2007, edited by I. Krupnik, M.A. Lang and S.E. Miller. Publisher: Smithsonian Institution Scholarly Press, Washington, DC, United States. ISBN: 978-0-9788460-1-50-9788460-1- X
Publication Date 2009
Notes In English. Includes 2 appendices. 44 refs. CRREL Acc. No: 63004397
Index Terms education; organizations; history; international cooperation; government agencies; IGY 1957-58 Education, Outreach and Communication Publications; International Geophysical Year 1957-58; International Polar Year 2007-08; IPY 2007-08 Education, Outreach and Communication Publications; NSF; public policy; Smithsonian Institution
Abstract By the post-World War II era, the U.S. federal government's role in science had expanded considerably. New institutions, such as the Office of Naval Research and the National Science Foundation, were established to fund basic science. Technological breakthroughs that had provided the instruments of war were recognized as having important economic, civilian applications. Understanding the earth's environment, including the extreme polar regions, the upper atmosphere, and the ocean depths, was recognized as key to enhancing a nation's communications, transportation, and commerce. The IGY developed in part from such national interests, but became a huge international undertaking. The process of international negotiations leading up to and during the IGY set a precedent for organizing cooperative scientific undertakings and enshrined norms and practices for sharing data and resources. Further, the IGY demonstrated the importance of communicating results across political, disciplinary, and societal boundaries. Fifty years later, the organizers of the International Polar Year embraced these values.
URL http://hdl.handle.net/10088/6811
Publication Type monograph
Record ID 292176