Title The International Polar Year; a legacy of Sydney Chapman
Author Kelley, J.
Author Affil Kelley, J., University of Alaska, Fairbanks, AK
Source Electronic Geophysical Year (eGY). Leading Edge (Tulsa, OK), 26(10), p.1298- 1300, . Publisher: Society of Exploration Geophysicists, Tulsa, OK, United States. ISSN: 1070-485X
Publication Date Oct. 2007
Notes In English Ant. Acc. No: 82983. CRREL Acc. No: 62000646
Index Terms climate; expeditions; history; ice; international cooperation; meteorology; Polar regions; polar atmospheres; United States-- Alaska; Antarctica; Alaska; atmosphere; Chapman, Sydney; geophysical methods; International Geophysical Year; International Polar Year 2007-08; IPY 2007-08 Education, Outreach and Communication Publications; magnetosphere; polar regions; sea ice; United States
Abstract The importance of the polar regions to solving many of the fundamental problems in geophysics, including climatology and meteorology, was recognized by Austrian explorer Lt. Karl Weyprecht, scientist and co- commander with Lt. Julius von Payer of the Austro-Hungarian Polar Expedition of 1872- 1874. He realized that the many private expeditions conducted previously would not suffice to provide the data needed to understand nature on a larger scale. During his long overwintering while stranded on the sea ice of the Barents Sea, Weyprecht contemplated the self-serving folly of frivolous polar nations and their generally unproductive scientific pursuits. The key to success in achieving a greater understanding of geophysical phenomena, he envisioned, was to be found in an effort of international science cooperation, working together at greater efficiency.
URL http://hdl.handle.net/10.1190/1.2794391
Publication Type journal article
Record ID 279990