Title Antarctic climate and environment history in the pre-instrumental period
Author Hodgson, D.A. (editor); Abram, N.; Anderson, J.; Bargelloni, L.; Barrett, P.; Bentley, M.J.; Bertler, N.A.N.; Chown, S.; Clarke, A.; Convey, P.; Crame, A.; Crosta, X.; Curran, M.; di Prisco, G.; Francis, J.E.; Goodwin, I.; Gutt, J.; Masse, G.; Masson- Delmotte, V.; Mayewski, P.A.; Mulvaney, R.; Peck, L.; Portner, H.; Rothlisberger, R.; Stevens, M.I.; Summerhayes, C.P.; van Ommen, T.; Verde, C.; Verleyen, E.; Vyverman, W.; Wiencke, C.; Zane, L.
Source Antarctic climate change and the environment; a contribution to the International Polar Year 2007-2008, edited by J. Turner, R. Bindschadler, P. Convey, G. di Prisco, E. Fahrbach, J. Gutt, D.A. Hodgson, P.A. Mayewski and C.P. Summerhayes, p.115- 181, . Publisher: Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research, Cambridge, United Kingdom. ISBN: 978-0-948277-22- 1
Publication Date 2009
Notes In English Ant. Acc. No: 89546. CRREL Acc. No: 65001176
Index Terms climatic change; glacial geology; glaciation; ice; ice sheets; paleoclimatology; Pleistocene; Antarctica; Southern Ocean; Cenozoic; climate change; Gondwana; International Polar Year 2007-08; IPY 2007-08 Research Publications; Jurassic; Mesozoic; Oligocene; paleoenvironment; Paleogene; paleontology; Quaternary; sea ice; sea-level changes; Tertiary
Abstract This chapter reviews Antarctic climate and environmental history from deep time through to the early part of the instrumental period. First, the large scale changes that have shaped the climate and environments of Antarctica and its surrounding ocean are described; from its early origins as the centrepiece of the Gondwana supercontinent, through its subsequent breakup and isolation by the circumpolar Southern Ocean c. 180 Ma (million years) ago. This is followed by a description of the formation of the first ice sheets on the continent c. 34 Ma, and later, the development of the 100 ka (thousand years) glacial cycles that have characterised the last 0.9 Ma. The climate at the end of the last major glaciation, retreat of the ice sheet and its effects on global sea level, and the changing distribution of sea ice and its effect on climate are then described.
Publication Type monograph
Record ID 304434