Title Concentrations of higher dicarboxylic acids C5-C13 in fresh snow samples collected at the High Alpine Research Station Jungfraujoch during CLACE 5 and 6
Author Winterhalter, R.; Kippenberger, M.; Williams, J.; Fries, E.; Sieg, K.; Moortgat, G.K.
Author Affil Winterhalter, R., Max-Planck- Institut für Chemie, Chemie der Atmosphäre, Mainz, Germany. Other: Johann Wolfgang Goethe Universität Frankfurt am Main, Germany
Source Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 9(6), p.2097-2112, . Publisher: Copernicus, Katlenburg-Lindau, International. ISSN: 1680- 7316
Publication Date 2009
Notes In English. Published in Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussions: 30 October 2008,http://www.atmos-chem-phys- discuss.net/8/18689/2008/acpd-8-18689-20 08.html; accessed in Apr., 2011. 46 refs. GeoRef Acc. No: 310587
Index Terms aerosols; precipitation (meteorology); carbon isotopes; clouds (meteorology); human activity; isotopes; snow; spectra; Alps; Switzerland--Bern; Switzerland--Jungfrau; Switzerland--Valais; acids; atmospheric precipitation; Bern Switzerland; C-13; carbon; carboxylic acids; Central Europe; clouds; concentration; dicarboxylic acids; Europe; glutaric acid; Jungfrau Switzerland; mass spectra; organic acids; organic compounds; phthalic acid; pinonic acid; stable isotopes; Switzerland; trajectories; troposphere; Valais Switzerland
Abstract Samples of freshly fallen snow were collected at the high alpine research station Jungfraujoch (Switzerland) in February and March 2006 and 2007, during the Cloud and Aerosol Characterization Experiments (CLACE) 5 and 6. In this study a new technique has been developed and demonstrated for the measurement of organic acids in fresh snow. The melted snow samples were subjected to solid phase extraction and resulting solutions analysed for organic acids by HPLC- MS-TOF using negative electrospray ionization. A series of linear dicarboxylic acids from C5 to C13 and phthalic acid, were identified and quantified. In several samples the biogenic acid pinonic acid was also observed. In fresh snow the median concentration of the most abundant acid, adipic acid, was 0.69 µg L-1 in 2006 and 0.70 µg L-1 in 2007. Glutaric acid was the second most abundant dicarboxylic acid found with median values of 0.46 µg L-1 in 2006 and 0.61 µg L-1 in 2007, while the aromatic acid phthalic acid showed a median concentration of 0.34 µg L-1 in 2006 and 0.45 µg L-1 in 2007. The concentrations in the samples from various snowfall events varied significantly, and were found to be dependent on the back trajectory of the air mass arriving at Jungfraujoch. Air masses of marine origin showed the lowest concentrations of acids whereas the highest concentrations were measured when the air mass was strongly influenced by boundary layer air.
URL http://www.atmos-chem-phys.net/9/2097/2009/acp-9-2097-2009.pdf
Publication Type journal article
Record ID 65007014