Title Wave induced fracture probabilities for Arctic sea-ice
Author Vaughan, G.L.; Squire, V.A.
Author Affil Vaughan, G.L., University of Otago, Department of Mathematics and Statistics, Dunedin, New Zealand
Source Cold Regions Science and Technology, 67(1-2), p.31-36, . Publisher: Elsevier, Amsterdam, Netherlands. ISSN: 0165- 232X
Publication Date Jun. 2011
Notes In English. Based on Publisher- supplied data GeoRef Acc. No: 309712
Index Terms attenuation; cracks; ice; ice cover; ocean waves; simulation; statistical analysis; strains; Arctic Ocean; Arctic region; fractures; numerical models; probability; sea ice; strain; wave dispersion
Abstract Techniques for the numerical simulation of ice-coupled wave scattering by variations in ice thickness have progressed to a stage that the prediction of wave decay within long swathes (~1600 km) of natural sea- ice is possible. In this work we determine how decay rates may be used with random linear wave theory to estimate the propensity of waves to fracture the ice cover. Given an incident wave spectrum and a fracture strain, we show how the probability of cracking may be found as a function of distance from the ice edge. Choosing a definitive critical probability for the limit of fractured sea- ice allows the time-evolution of the size of the region of cracked sea-ice to be explored, and this is done for 2008 using WAVEWATCH IIITM hindcasts. By this means, estimates of the probability for waves to crack ice could potentially be incorporated into ice/ocean models and oceanic global circulation models (OGCMs), where it is believed that the assimilation of such physics is an important factor for increasing accuracy.
URL http://hdl.handle.net/10.1016/j.coldregions.2011.02.003
Publication Type journal article
Record ID 65006389