Title Large mobility of dry snow avalanches; insights from small-scale laboratory tests on granular avalanches of bidisperse materials
Author Moro, F.; Faug, T.; Bellot, H.; Ousset, F.
Author Affil Moro, F., Universita di Padova, Dipartimento di Geoscienze, Padua, Italy. Other: Cemagref, France
Source Cold Regions Science and Technology, 62(1), p.55-66, . Publisher: Elsevier, Amsterdam, Netherlands. ISSN: 0165- 232X
Publication Date Jun. 2010
Notes In English. Based on Publisher- supplied data GeoRef Acc. No: 309555
Index Terms avalanches; density (mass/volume); experimentation; mass movements (geology); models; rheology; snow; tests; velocity; density; depth; dry snow; experimental studies; granular flows; laboratory studies; mass movements; mobility; runout; testing
Abstract This paper reports small-scale laboratory tests on granular avalanches of bidisperse materials made of fine particles and larger ones. These experiments were motivated by a recent study on the rheology of dense flowing snow which provided evidence for relevant similarities in flow behavior between bidisperse granular materials and dry cold snow [Rognon and others, J. Rheol., 52, 3 ([32])]. The mass proportion of fine particles in the initial binary mixture was systematically varied at constant initial released volume, and we measured the resulting flow depth, the avalanche front velocity and the final avalanche runout. In particular, we show that the avalanche mobility is largely increased, about 40% in our tests, when the mass proportion in fine particles reaches a critical value, around 0.25 in our tests. The avalanche deposit is shallow and lengthened for this critical mass proportion in fine particles. The experimental results are interpreted by the existence of different avalanche mobility regimes on the basis of a heuristic model previously reported in literature. Finally, we discuss their possible implications for the dynamics of full-scale dry snow avalanches.
URL http://hdl.handle.net/10.1016/j.coldregions.2010.02.011
Publication Type journal article
Record ID 65006552