Title Tensile strength and stress-strain behavior of Devon silt under frozen fringe conditions
Author Azmatch, T.F.; Sego, D.C.; Arenson, L.U.; Biggar, K.W.
Author Affil Azmatch, T.F., University of Alberta, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Edmonton, AB, Canada. Other: BGC Engineering, Canada
Source Cold Regions Science and Technology, 68(1-2), p.85-90, . Publisher: Elsevier, Amsterdam, Netherlands. ISSN: 0165- 232X
Publication Date Aug. 2011
Notes In English. Based on Publisher- supplied data GeoRef Acc. No: 309643
Index Terms cracks; deformation; freezing; frost heave; frozen ground; ice lenses; sediments; soils; soil temperature; strains; stresses; temperature; tensile properties; tests; unfrozen water content; clastic sediments; Devon Silt; frost heaving; segregation; silt; strain; stress; tensile strength; testing; water content
Abstract Frost heave is attributed to the segregation of ice and ice lens formation as a soil freezes. Ice lens formation and hence frost heave starts with the cracking of the frozen fringe. In order for these cracks to initiate and open, the tensile strength of the soil has to be exceeded. Therefore, any evaluation of the ice lens initiation condition requires the determination of the tensile strength in the frozen fringe. Four point bending tests were carried out to determine the tensile strength of the frozen fringe and its stress-strain behaviour. Devon Silt samples frozen over a range of frozen fringe temperatures (0 to -1.5C) were tested at different deformation rates (0.08 mm/min to 8.0 mm/min). The frozen fringe of Devon silt has considerable tensile strength. The results show the dependency of the tensile strength on the temperature, the deformation rate, and the unfrozen water content. A unique strain rate dependency was determined for the frozen fringe. Further, it was observed that the stress-strain behaviour is influenced by the deformation rate and the subzero temperatures.
URL http://hdl.handle.net/10.1016/j.coldregions.2011.05.002
Publication Type journal article
Record ID 65006435