Title Through the lens of the polar years; changing characteristics of polar research in historical perspective
Author Elzinga, A.
Author Affil Elzinga, A., University of Gothenburg, Department of History of Ideas and Theory of Science, Goteborg, Sweden
Source Polar Record, 45(235), p.313-336. Publisher: Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom. ISSN: 0032- 2474
Publication Date 2009
Notes In English GeoRef Acc. No: 309181
Index Terms Antarctica; Arctic region; history; International Geophysical Year 1957-58; International Polar Year 1882-83; International Polar Year 1932-33; International Polar Year 2007-08; IPY 2007-08 Education, Outreach and Communication Publications; research
Abstract Considers four international polar years as windows for highlighting changes in character of polar research over past 125 years. Approach taken may be described as "archaeology of knowledge". Suggests that, whereas work of first International Polar Year (IPY) (1882-83) reflected empirical inductivist philosophy of science, second IPY (1932-33) comprised mixture of problem- oriented and hypothesis-driven approaches. By time of International Geophysical Year (1957- 58), theoretical foundations of polar research had grown stronger and focus shifted to larger scale geophysical processes.
URL http://hdl.handle.net/10.1017/S0032247409008316
Publication Type journal article
Record ID 91163