Title Permafrost thermal regime from two 30- m deep boreholes in southern Victoria Land, Antarctica
Author Guglielmin, M.; Balks, M.R.; Adlam, L.S.; Baio, F.
Author Affil Guglielmin, M., University of Insubria, Department of Structural and Functional Biology, Varese, Italy. Other: University of Waikato, New Zealand
Source Permafrost and Periglacial Processes, 22(2), p.129-139. Publisher: Wiley, Oxford, United Kingdom. ISSN: 1045- 6740
Publication Date Jun. 2011
Notes In English. 30 refs. GeoRef Acc. No: 308372. CRREL Acc. No: 65005814
Index Terms active layer; bedrock; boreholes; climatic change; permafrost; permafrost thickness; sediments; soils; soil temperature; temperature; thermal regime; thickness; Antarctica--Victoria Land; Antarctica; clastic sediments; climate change; climate effects; igneous rocks; metamorphic rocks; seasonal variations; southern Victoria Land; till; Victoria Land
Abstract Two 30-m deep permafrost temperature- monitoring boreholes were installed in bedrock, one at Marble Point and one in the Wright Valley, in the Ross Sea region of Antarctica. A soil climate-monitoring station in till is located near each borehole. The ground surface temperature (GST) was highly correlated with the air temperature at both sites in 2008. Thermal offsets were small (1C) in the till and negligible in the boreholes. The active layer was thicker in the boreholes than in the till, presumably because of the higher thermal diffusivity of the rock. The measured depth of zero annual temperature amplitude was around 27 m at Wright Valley and 25 m at Marble Point. Permafrost thickness was estimated at about 680 m at Wright Valley and 490 m at Marble Point. The GST history, reconstructed using an inversion procedure, suggests a slight cooling from 1998 to 2003 followed by a slight warming to 2008. Longer temperature records or deeper boreholes would be required to establish if long-term climate change has occurred. Abstract Copyright (2010), John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
URL http://hdl.handle.net/10.1002/ppp.715
Publication Type journal article
Record ID 91081