Title Soil development and soil biology on King George Island, maritime Antarctic
Author Bölter, M.
Author Affil Bölter, M., University of Kiel, Institute for Polar Ecology, Kiel, Germany
Source Polish Polar Research, 32(2), p.105- 116. Publisher: Panstwowe Wydawnictwo Naukowe, Warsaw, Poland. ISSN: 0138- 0338
Publication Date 2011
Notes In English. 102 refs. GeoRef Acc. No: 308804. CRREL Acc. No: 65006267
Index Terms animals; soil formation; soils; soil microbiology; Antarctica--King George Island; Antarctica; biogenic processes; biota; carbon; King George Island; microorganisms; nitrogen; nutrients; pedogenesis; Scotia Sea Islands; South Shetland Islands
Abstract This review covers aspects of soil science and soil biology of Antarctica with special focus on King George Island, South Shetlands, the maritime Antarctic. New approaches in soil descriptions and soil taxonomy show a great variety of soil types, related to different parent material, mainly volcanic origin, as well as on influences by soil biological processes. The spread of higher rooting plants attract microorganisms, nematodes and collemboles which in turn build new organic material and change the environment for further successors. Microbial communities are drivers with respect to metabolic and physiological properties indicating a great potential in a changing environment. The literature review also shows a lack of investigations on processes of carbon and nitrogen turnover, despite wide knowledge on its standing stock in different environments. Further, only few reports were found on the processes of humification. Only few data are available which can be regarded as long term monitorings, hence, such projects need to be established in order to follow ecological changes.
URL http://hdl.handle.net/10.2478/v10183-011-0002-z
Publication Type journal article
Record ID 91271